August 8, 2022
Governor Hochul Announces First Quarterly Update to The FY 2023 Enacted Budget Financial Plan
Last week, Governor Hochul announced the release of the first quarterly update to the FY 2023 Enacted Budget Financial Plan (linked here).
The Plan update reflects clear signs of economic distress in the national economy, which trickles down to the State economy. Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) decreased at an annual rate of 0.9 percent in the second quarter of calendar year 2022, which follows a first quarter decrease of 1.6 precent. Consumer prices through June 2022 increased by 9.1 percent over 12 months, the largest increase since the 12 months ending November 1981. Financial sector performance, which is an important source of tax collections in New York State, has continued to weaken in response to unfavorable economic data. Through late July, every major stock index is down more than 10 percent, with the NASDAQ index down over 23 percent and the S&P 500 down 15.1 percent since the start of calendar year 2022.
Starting in FY 2024, the annual estimates for NYS personal income taxes (PITs) have been reduced substantially from the Enacted Budget in recognition of a weaker economic outlook for both the U.S. and the State. The estimated payment component of PIT, which includes capital gains activity, is reduced by $3.1 billion in FY 2024, $5.1 billion in FY 2025, $5.7 billion in FY 2026, and $8.4 billion in FY 2027. The reduction is partly offset by a $1 billion annual increase in the withholding component of PIT, reflecting growth from a higher expected base in FY 2023.
The updated Financial Plan reflects an additional General Fund surplus of $2.3 billion in FY 2023 and a gap of $310 million in FY 2024, after the planned use of the FY 2023 surplus in FY 2024. The budget gaps in the out-years are estimated at $3.6 billion in FY 2025, $3.5 billion in FY 2026, and $6.2 billion in FY 2027. The budget gaps are almost exclusively attributed to the reductions to the tax receipts forecast.
The State has continued to strengthen reserve funds that serve as a bulwark against precipitous service cuts or tax increases during an economic downturn. At the end of FY 2022, the State’s principal reserves totaled nearly $9 billion. Over the next three years, additional deposits of $10.4 billion will bring reserves to $19.4 billion, equal to 15 percent of State Operating Funds spending, the fiscal target set by Governor Hochul in October 2021. Reserves in FY 2025 exceed the projected budget gaps by roughly $6 billion.
The Plan update is available on the Division of the Budget website.